A large number of buildings in regions with low to medium seismic hazard have been designed without considering earthquake actions. Retrofitting of all buildings that fail to meet modern code requirements is economically, technically and environmentally unsustainable. Decision-making regarding retrofitting necessity and prioritization is complex. Ambient vibrations are non-destructive and easy to measure, and thus an attractive data source. However, ambient vibrations have very low amplitudes, which potentially lead to sensitivity to testing conditions and stiffness contributions from non-structural elements. Seismic assessment necessitates non-linear behavior extrapolation from linear measurements, which results in biased model predictions.
- Reliability of collapse simulation – Comparing finite and applied element method at different levels
- Research and Practice on Progressive Collapse and Robustness of Building Structures in the 21st Century
- Using the Applied Element Method to simulate the dynamic response of full-scale URM houses tested to collapse or near-collapse conditions
- The Applied Element Method and the modelling of both in-plane and out-of-plane response of URM walls
- Using the applied element method for modelling calcium silicate brick masonry subjected to in‐plane cyclic loading